Karnival Udara 2011

Karnival Udara Antarabangsa Sungai Rambai 2011

*sempat jumpa 9W2HOZ cuma tak sempat bergambar.

Koordinat dah ada, apa lagi rajin-rajin le landing kat sini hehehe

Pandangan dari atas jambatan Sg Kesang, nun sebelah sana Melaka.



MAS dan Firefly juga terlibat, tak nampak pulak Air Asia hehehe

Orang lain sibuk ambik gambar dengan latar belakang kokpit . . . aku?

Diri ku dan anak bujang, sejak kenal radio, baru tahu kenapa kat kapal terbang wajib ada gabungan huruf dan nombor ni, callsign.

Orang yang tolong ambikan gambar ni pun pelik, kenapa ambik gambar kat callsign.
Dalam diam oriented anak pada callsign. :)


My First Award

Alhamdulillah, akhirnya yang ditunggu tiba, sampai juga ke post box rumah. Ini merupakan award pertama dalam sejarah mengorak langkah dalam dunia radio amatur ni. Tapi agak lewat nak dimasukkan dalam blog ni, maklum kebelakang ni sibuk dengan urusan pelajaran, hujung minggu kuliah tambah lagi assignment, buku nak kena baca dan ulangkaji sudah tentu. Apa pun semuanya boleh dilakukan dengan usaha dan tabah melaluinya. Terima kasih kepada 9M2ESM dan 9M2DA yang tak pernah jemu mengajar dan mendidik saya, ilmu demi ilmu diperincikan, jiwa anda berdua memang dah tersemat indah radio amatur. :) TQVM. Juga terima kasih kepada rakan-rakan 9M dan 9W yang sentiasa memberi sokongan dan dorongan dan terima kasih kepada stesyen-stesyen yang berjaya dihubungi.

Maklumat award boleh dicapai disini http://www.iaru-r3.org/r3award.htm. 73.

Why They Called "HAM" Radio Operator?

Ham symbolic logo

The weather was rainy, I filled my free time reading the website associated with the ham. Thought for a moment why amateur radio operators on earth is synonymous with the nickname of "ham". mmmm why?

The three letters (H.A.M.) are initials, which pay homage to the last names of three of the great radio experimenters of bygone years.

^Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (February 22, 1857 – January 1, 1894) was a German physicist who clarified and expanded the electromagnetic theory of light that had been put forth by Maxwell. He was the first to satisfactorily demonstrate the existence of electromagnetic waves by building an apparatus to produce and detect VHF or UHF radio waves.

^Edwin Howard Armstrong (December 18, 1890 – January 31, 1954) was an American electrical engineer and inventor. Armstrong was the inventor of modern frequency modulation (FM) radio. Edwin Howard Armstrong was born in New York City, New York, in 1890. He studied at Columbia University and later became a professor there. He invented the regenerative circuit while he was an undergraduate and patented it in 1914, the super-regenerative circuit (patented 1922), and the superheterodyne receiver (patented 1918).

^Guglielmo Marconi (25 April 1874– 20 July 1937) was an Italian inventor, known for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system, which served as the foundation for the establishment of numerous affiliated companies worldwide. He shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy and was ennobled in 1924 as Marchese Marconi.

This theory suggests that "HAM" is the combination of initials of the last names of three college students at Harvard, who supposedly had their own amateur radio station in the early nineteen hundred teen something. This was at a time when experimenters had free reign of the radio spectrum, and any legal administration, red tape or federally assigned callsigns were in their infancy or altogether non-existent. Their last names were (supposedly) HYMAN, ALMAY, and MURRAY, and they operated their little amateur radio station with a (self-assigned) call sign of "H.A.M." The three young men were merely identifying their station as "theirs" by using their names. ("H.A.M.")

THEORY 3Drawing from the congressional "control" theory above, and in an attempt to explain "technical, radio, and electronic matters" to a non-technical congress and general public, here is yet another theory of why Amateur Radio operators are called HAMS: During the earlier days of radio communication, the commercial and Amateur Radio broadcasters had won their fight against the NAVY. The government (not the military) stepped in to organize and control frequency allocation of these new "short-wave" frequencies. When all was said and done, the government allowed radio amateurs to operate only on certain frequencies which were scattered in an amongst the other licensed (authorized) frequencies. This holds true to this day. The Amateur Radio frequencies were said to be sandwiched "like the HAM in a sandwich" between the other frequencies, and so Amateur Radio frequencies came to be known as the "HAM" segments of a particular band.

Another theory attributes the term "HAM" to: Hugo Gernsback, publisher of a magazine called "Home Amateur Mechanic" which was very, very popular back in the early days of radio. It was so well know, it was a household word, just as the magazines "People", or "Reader’s Digest" are today. Although it was primarily more mechanical in content, it did contain fairly regularly, Amateur Radio construction projects. Thus, when asked what sort of radio a person had, the reply, more often than not, was he: "had one of those "H.A.M." (using just the initials of the well known magazine name.) This theory becomes a bit more believable when you consider the Amateur Radio practice of using just initials or letters for many commonly understood words in order to shorten transmissions and ease sending of messages, especially when using Morse Code. "Home Amateur Mechanic" was simply shortened to H.A.M.

Theory 5

Some speculate the term "HAM" stands for "Help All Mankind" as reflected in the radio amateur’s long history of service towards people in distress during natural calamities, disasters and civil emergencies. In fine S.O.S. tradition, this gives us H.A.M.

Theory 6

Others believe the term "HAM" derives it’s origin from the British. From late in the nineteenth century forward, British sports writers used the "AM" to describe rank AMateurs in sports. It first came into the "electronics arena" from the "wire telegraphers" used by these sports writers. The telegraph operators originally applied it to the younger and inexperienced "cub" reporters. These young sports writers often provided illegibly written or poorly worded copy for the telegrapher to transmit. The professional news telegraphers had beginners in their own line of work, and they picked up the 'AM terminology from the sportswriters, and applied it to their own field. Often the inexperienced new telegraph operators were called "AMs", for the amateurish way they sent messages.

Theory 7

This theory holds that the term "HAM" actually derives from what the seasoned commercial (professional) telegraph operators called the (hobby) amateur radio operators. When the inexperienced hobby radio enthusiasts began to venture on air with crude spark-gap transmitters, based on vehicle ignition coils, their code transmissions must have been pretty poor compared to the commercial telegraphs of the day. The commercial operators referred to the amateurs by using a modification of the old telegrapher's insult (from above) by saying the operator was "ham fisted", meaning that they weren't of professional skill. "Ham Fisted" referred to their style and proficiency of sending telegraph code which could have been done just as well by using a ham (the cut of pork) on the telegraph key to pound out their rudimentary code.

Theory 8

Along those same lines of thought, came this theory linked to the stage and theater, where the term "HAM" is used to denote an actor of indifferent ability, or one who shows off his skill (or lack thereof), by performing in spite of and mostly oblivious to his own ineptitude.

Theory 9

This following theory seems to combine the "ham fisted" and the "un-professional operator" theories from above, but also adds a bit more insight as to why amateur radio operators might be called "HAMS": Definition of HAM: "A poor performer. [in this case:] "An operator of poor performance and courtesy". Even before wireless radio, that's the gist of a definition of the word "Ham" given in the G. M. Dodge book: "The Telegraph Instructor." The definition never changed throughout wire telegraphy history. The first WIRELESS operators were, of course, originally land based (wire) telegraphers, who left their offices to go to sea or to man the coastal stations. They brought with them to their now jobs their old habits, both good and bad. Along with them came also slang terms, operating practices, and much of the tradition of their older profession.


I get information on the Internet, I read and continued to read until I infusion to share what I get. But it also depends on their understanding. In my vision, whatever it is and how it is interpreted, it turned on us to assess where we should be, refer to the act and the authority responsible for and related to amateur radio but practice makes reference to the friends who had been involved in this is also a very good and so close relationships.


73 88

DX Code of Conduct

DX Code of Conduct

I will listen, and listen, and then listen again before calling.

I will only call if I can copy the DX station properly.

I will not trust the DX cluster and will be sure of the DX station's call sign before calling.

I will not interfere with the DX station nor anyone calling and will never tune up on the DX frequency or in the QSX slot.

I will wait for the DX station to end a contact before I call.

I will always send my full call sign.

I will call and then listen for a reasonable interval. I will not call continuously.

I will not transmit when the DX operator calls another call sign, not mine.

I will not transmit when the DX operator queries a call sign not like mine.

I will not transmit when the DX station requests geographic areas other than mine.

When the DX operator calls me, I will not repeat my call sign unless I think he has copied it incorrectly.

I will be thankful if and when I do make a contact.

I will respect my fellow hams and conduct myself so as to earn their respect.

source : http://www.dx-code.org/

2m Mobile Setup

The Callsign

Nagoya bracket

Antenna cable and power cord

Icom Ic-V8000

Power cord +ve and -ve attached at battery terminal

Relay for better switching

Cars / jelopy 4-wheel vehicle that is popular among hams where it was available there, some of which have previously had a radio license again, so soon has the assignment of the apparatus, directly involved in the work upward antenna, power cabling and antenna, the transceiver assembly, installation bracket and sweeter when to insert callsign (for this reason that only one in the world belongs to us).

Important to be dealt with and considered before performing the work. From my observations are:
1. Band
2. Transceiver
3. Antenna
4. Antenna cable
5. Power cord
6. Bracket
7. Fuse
8. Connector
9. Vehicle electronic system

I decided to undertake this work with his own sweat for a close study through practical methods, so there should be some tool builders and thank all of the tools in my box builders. What is needed such as side cutter, rubber tube and screw driver suitable for car screw.

First, let check the observation above;
1. Band : VHF 2m range from 144.00 MHz to 148.00 MHz.
2. Transceiver : Icom V8000.
3. Antenna : Diamond M285s.
4. Antenna Cable : Diamond RG58 A/U Low Loss Super Gainer Series.
5. Power Cord : Standard 15V Heavy Duty.
6. Bracket : Nagoya.
7. Fuse : Standard 13A.
8. Connector : PL259.
9. Vehicle Electronic System : Location of power source and wiring way.

So, let start. Identified where the transceiver and the antenna to be locate and make sure the RG58 cable can be install. Remove the panel along the cable way to install the RG58 cable, usually 1 car use 15' long cable. Install the power cord from car battery to transceiver, usually reach 5' long, finish at the end cable at battery with connector that according to the battery pole size and other side finish with slot in at standard connector came with transceiver. Install the mobile transceiver bracket and antenna bracket. Pair each end of RG58 cable with PL259 connector and tidy up with hot rubber tube. Mount the antenna and screw PL259 and connect to the SWR meter to run test the ability, SWR readings at a rate of 1:1 is considered good. Test run by implementing a simplex transmission, when it is complete, try to test emissions at repeater station with a request from the other stations about report our emissions. Its done. Lets QSO!!

Reference : http://www.diamond-ant.co.jp/english/amateur/bracket/mount.html

QSL Card

What is QSL Card?

"QSL is one of the Q codes used in radiocommunication and radio broadcasting. A Q code message can stand for a statement or a question. In this case, QSL means either "do you confirm receipt of my transmission?" or "I confirm receipt of your transmission". A QSL card is a written confirmation." QSL cards confirm either a two-way radiocommunication between two amateur radio stations or a one-way reception of a signal from an AM radio, FM radio, television or shortwave broadcasting station. They can also confirm the reception of a two-way radiocommunication by a third party listener. A typical QSL card is the same size and made from the same material as a typical postcard, and most are sent through the mail as such."

Source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QSL

I'm getting into HF operating, and need to know how to make QSL card. What paper should I use to print it on? Computer program and printed by myself or use some place like printing shop? Lets read. The most important is the content of the QSL card, these matter make myself done a little research beside talking with friend who have done it and below is website i have found;


Beside, when i search at any search engine by typing "QSL Card" or plus "Nice QSL Card", there are many will pop up and proudly we can saw from our country and also the entire world. From there i have learn, what the ethic, important thing, bonus information, paper, writing style, font, size and attraction. Then hidden thing from evidence confirming QSO (the QSL card) is promote own country maybe the heritage, food, tourism and culture, and the truly is understanding each other. By the way, its many way to create and make the QSL card, it depends on ourself include money matter, spending time and so on.

On the card, add information relating to matters that we need to confirm that communication has been implemented. Each purpose must be easily understood and use language easily understood each other, often the English language. On the front page, preferably place photographs or any graphics that reflect our location, or something good for us to say. Things should be there on the back page of information such as name, callsign, address, location, name who has contacted the station, callsign, address, date, time, frequency, mode, report and application response or not. Also enter all the information that we use tranceiver, antennas and power transmission.

Finally, i decide to get service from printing shop for better quality following my bad design. The finishing i write by myself the content to present genuine and originality from my heart to all. Below is my first series and second series QSL card with Heritage theme from my place.


April Contact

Propagation very well in April, so get ready with the activities of DX, with an ever so slightly in this 10m, permanent well prepared mental and physical to try this luck. At first thought would get only a few stations but it felt like not believe it when bands open and not get out of this opportunity. These a few station which i have successful worked.

April 5


April 6


April 7


April 10

EA6QY | EA4EUI | LZ1ANA | 9Y4D | HZ1BL | A41NN | 5H3CMG

April 11

IT9WTY | 9H5PF | A41KL

April 16


April 19


April 20


April 21


April 22


April 25


April 27


Thank you to all the stations on the inclination of the QSO, I'm fun and on my unofficial marking, it's done worked at all continent. The only one from South Americ DXCC are 9Y's and also only one from North America DXCC are FM's. Also wish thanks and congratulations to 9W2ESM which have recorded 2000 contact on this pile up. 73