Maklumat award boleh dicapai disini http://www.iaru-r3.org/r3award.htm. 73.
Another theory attributes the term "HAM" to: Hugo Gernsback, publisher of a magazine called "Home Amateur Mechanic" which was very, very popular back in the early days of radio. It was so well know, it was a household word, just as the magazines "People", or "Reader’s Digest" are today. Although it was primarily more mechanical in content, it did contain fairly regularly, Amateur Radio construction projects. Thus, when asked what sort of radio a person had, the reply, more often than not, was he: "had one of those "H.A.M." (using just the initials of the well known magazine name.) This theory becomes a bit more believable when you consider the Amateur Radio practice of using just initials or letters for many commonly understood words in order to shorten transmissions and ease sending of messages, especially when using Morse Code. "Home Amateur Mechanic" was simply shortened to H.A.M.
Some speculate the term "HAM" stands for "Help All Mankind" as reflected in the radio amateur’s long history of service towards people in distress during natural calamities, disasters and civil emergencies. In fine S.O.S. tradition, this gives us H.A.M.
Others believe the term "HAM" derives it’s origin from the British. From late in the nineteenth century forward, British sports writers used the "AM" to describe rank AMateurs in sports. It first came into the "electronics arena" from the "wire telegraphers" used by these sports writers. The telegraph operators originally applied it to the younger and inexperienced "cub" reporters. These young sports writers often provided illegibly written or poorly worded copy for the telegrapher to transmit. The professional news telegraphers had beginners in their own line of work, and they picked up the 'AM terminology from the sportswriters, and applied it to their own field. Often the inexperienced new telegraph operators were called "AMs", for the amateurish way they sent messages.
This theory holds that the term "HAM" actually derives from what the seasoned commercial (professional) telegraph operators called the (hobby) amateur radio operators. When the inexperienced hobby radio enthusiasts began to venture on air with crude spark-gap transmitters, based on vehicle ignition coils, their code transmissions must have been pretty poor compared to the commercial telegraphs of the day. The commercial operators referred to the amateurs by using a modification of the old telegrapher's insult (from above) by saying the operator was "ham fisted", meaning that they weren't of professional skill. "Ham Fisted" referred to their style and proficiency of sending telegraph code which could have been done just as well by using a ham (the cut of pork) on the telegraph key to pound out their rudimentary code.
Along those same lines of thought, came this theory linked to the stage and theater, where the term "HAM" is used to denote an actor of indifferent ability, or one who shows off his skill (or lack thereof), by performing in spite of and mostly oblivious to his own ineptitude.
This following theory seems to combine the "ham fisted" and the "un-professional operator" theories from above, but also adds a bit more insight as to why amateur radio operators might be called "HAMS": Definition of HAM: "A poor performer. [in this case:] "An operator of poor performance and courtesy". Even before wireless radio, that's the gist of a definition of the word "Ham" given in the G. M. Dodge book: "The Telegraph Instructor." The definition never changed throughout wire telegraphy history. The first WIRELESS operators were, of course, originally land based (wire) telegraphers, who left their offices to go to sea or to man the coastal stations. They brought with them to their now jobs their old habits, both good and bad. Along with them came also slang terms, operating practices, and much of the tradition of their older profession.
DX Code of Conduct
I will listen, and listen, and then listen again before calling.
I will only call if I can copy the DX station properly.
I will not trust the DX cluster and will be sure of the DX station's call sign before calling.
I will not interfere with the DX station nor anyone calling and will never tune up on the DX frequency or in the QSX slot.
I will wait for the DX station to end a contact before I call.
I will always send my full call sign.
I will call and then listen for a reasonable interval. I will not call continuously.
I will not transmit when the DX operator calls another call sign, not mine.
I will not transmit when the DX operator queries a call sign not like mine.
I will not transmit when the DX station requests geographic areas other than mine.
When the DX operator calls me, I will not repeat my call sign unless I think he has copied it incorrectly.
I will be thankful if and when I do make a contact.
I will respect my fellow hams and conduct myself so as to earn their respect.
source : http://www.dx-code.org/
Important to be dealt with and considered before performing the work. From my observations are:
4. Antenna cable
5. Power cord
9. Vehicle electronic system
First, let check the observation above;
1. Band : VHF 2m range from 144.00 MHz to 148.00 MHz.
2. Transceiver : Icom V8000.
3. Antenna : Diamond M285s.
4. Antenna Cable : Diamond RG58 A/U Low Loss Super Gainer Series.
5. Power Cord : Standard 15V Heavy Duty.
6. Bracket : Nagoya.
7. Fuse : Standard 13A.
8. Connector : PL259.
9. Vehicle Electronic System : Location of power source and wiring way.
Reference : http://www.diamond-ant.co.jp/english/amateur/bracket/mount.html
On the card, add information relating to matters that we need to confirm that communication has been implemented. Each purpose must be easily understood and use language easily understood each other, often the English language. On the front page, preferably place photographs or any graphics that reflect our location, or something good for us to say. Things should be there on the back page of information such as name, callsign, address, location, name who has contacted the station, callsign, address, date, time, frequency, mode, report and application response or not. Also enter all the information that we use tranceiver, antennas and power transmission.
VR2XMT | EA1ABT | BD7IS | EA2VE | S52QM | EA5ADT | 9W6CMS
9W6ZAM | 9W8ALF
A45XR | VU2PLL | 9W2ESM | EA8CEQ
VK2HV | YF8RIM | VK4CAG | BG5LU | VK3VBC | DU1UGZ
EA6QY | EA4EUI | LZ1ANA | 9Y4D | HZ1BL | A41NN | 5H3CMG
IW7DKS | YO3DDZ | EC5CYI | EA5FL | IT9LFQ | IT9ESF | IW9DAF
IT9WTY | 9H5PF | A41KL
9M6YBG | M0BPQ | G5YC | EA3JW | IZ1JKH | F6KRK | MW0CRI
IT9AAI | F8DBF | SV1JGX | IZ8NVV | OK1DVM | OE3JTB | FM5DN
IK4HLQ | EA5CEE | F1NZC | IK7NYA | I4DZ | OK1AD | IZ1HMS
IZ4ISC | EC7DZZ | IK4DRR | OP2A | UR5FBM | IK8JVG
HA7MB | F8AFC | IZ8PPJ | IK7FPZ | DK1AX | OM4KK | IZ4RCG
DJ7PW | IZ8FCR | DO4AV | IZ8FCX | 9A2NA |
EA4FLS | 9W6HAN | EB1IC
VK4ATT | VK5FANA | UA9JLL | UX6IA | EU7A | RA3CQ
EB4GER | 4X6KJ | EA7HG | CT1EHI | TJ3AY | VU2DSI
VK7NWT | VK4PN
VK6V0 | VK3MBW | ZL4CZ
VK6VO | VK4VN | VK4BAA | 9M6CED